Filling casual vacancies of elected trustees
Advice to boards
Section 105 of the Education Act 1989 provides information on filling casual vacancies of elected trustees which occur during a board’s three-year term of office.
Where a casual vacancy for an elected trustee occurs during any period of six months commencing on the first day of October in a year before an election year, the board may, not later than 28 days after it occurs, resolve not to fill it, and in that case, it shall not be filled. This exemption does not apply to years in which a mid-term election is held.
1. How does a casual vacancy occur?
A casual vacancy takes place when an elected or selected parent representative or an elected staff or student representative:
- dies, or
- resigns in writing to the board, or
- without the prior leave of the board is absent from three consecutive board meetings, or
- is no longer eligible to be a trustee (Section 103 Education Act 1989)
- A board of trustees must decide how to fill a vacancy for an elected trustee (known as a casual vacancy) within eight weeks.
- A vacancy for a parent representative must be filled by either:
- holding a by-election. The by-election shall follow the procedure set out in the Returning Officers’ Handbook 2019-2022 (See funding details below) OR
- selecting someone. A person selected under this option to fill a casual vacancy for a parent elected trustee is regarded as a parent representative and is not included in the number of trustees a board may co-opt or have appointed to it. A board with five elected parent representative positions (including the vacancy) may, also, co-opt, or (in special circumstances) have appointed to it, up to four other people.
- A board cannot fill a vacancy by selection if the effect would be that the number of elected parent representatives would be less than or equal to the number of parent representatives who are selected.
- A board must not fill a casual vacancy for an elected parent/staff/student representative by co-option.
Note: The term of office for the person elected or selected will be for the remainder of the vacating trustee’s term of office.
- Reimbursements for by-elections
To receive reimbursement, all claims for actual and reasonable costs for by-elections must be submitted as soon as possible to the Ministry, by furnishing detailed invoices and completing the appropriate form. The claim form is available on the Ministry’s website
- If the board decides to hold a by-election, it must appoint a returning officer and set an election date. The election date must be at least six weeks away and at the latest be the 15th Friday after the vacancy occurred. The returning officer must follow the short election timetable set out in Schedule 1, page 31, of the Returning Officers’ Handbook 2016-2019.
[OR] (for a parent representative vacancy):
- If within eight weeks of the vacancy occurring, a board has decided to fill it by selecting someone, the following procedure applies:
- Within 14 days of making the decision to select someone, the board must publish, in a newspaper circulating in the area of the school, a notice of the vacancy and the resolution to fill it by selection. The wording of the notice is below.
- If within 28 days after the notice is published, fewer than ten percent of eligible voters have asked the board not to make a selection but to hold a by-election, then the board may fill the vacancy by selecting someone. This selection must be made within six weeks of the end of the 28-day notification period and the person selected takes office on the day of selection by the board. An eligibility attestation must be filled out and submitted to the board by the prospective trustee before selection. The eligibility attestation form can be printed from here.
- If ten percent or more of eligible voters ask that a by-election is held, the board must set the election date either on the tenth Friday after the end of the 28-day notification period or earlier date (the board must set this, at least, six weeks out from the election).
- If a by-election is to be held a returning officer must be appointed.
- Sample notice for filling a casual vacancy by selection - Sample Notice (docx):
(name of school)
Board of Trustees
Casual Vacancy for an elected trustee
A casual vacancy has occurred on the board of trustees for an elected parent representative.
The board has resolved under section 105 of the Education Act 1989 to fill the vacancy by selection.
If ten percent or more of eligible voters on the school roll ask the board, within 28 days of this notice being published, to hold a by-election to fill the vacancy, then a by-election will be held.
Any eligible voter who wishes to ask the board to hold a by-election should write to:
Board of Trustees
by: (relevant date)
- The board notifies both NZSTA and the Ministry of Education of the new trustee by using Appendix 2.